Gopher damage can be identified mostly by the soil mounds they leave behind as evidence of the tunneling system under your yard. The mounds are shaped like a semi-circle and the entrance is sealed with a soil plug. The tunnels below the surface range from 4-18 inches deep and they are interconnected. The damage caused by a single Pocket Gopher can be enormous. A single gopher will create 300 mounds in their lifetime, moving 4 tons of soil from location to location.
Gophers are active year round. In the winter months they tunnel through the snow. They eat only plant materials such as grass & Alfalfa. Dandelion roots are especially their favorite snack.
The Utah State University's Plant Pest Diagnostic lab gives some excellent tips that home owners can do to protect their yard from gophers:
- Remove all Alfalfa and Dandelion roots from your yard. Taking away the food supply will minimize the amount of gopher population.
- Place a mesh (1/4-1/2 inch) fence buried 18 inches below the surface around your gardens to protect your flowers.
- Rotating crops with a grain crop on the perimeter of the home. The roots from the grain crops will not produce suffecient food supplies for gophers to survive year round.
- Flooding the gopher mounds will drown them underneath the surface.
- Strychnine Alkaloid bait application from a qualified licensed techninican. (We use this product!!)